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John Warren

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John Warren last won the day on October 4 2014

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    Engineering-Audio, magnetics, materials for electronic and magnetic applications, engineering models and simulation, SPICE, MATLAB, FORTRAN, acoustics, complex algebra, physics of sound, microphones, vintage audio, loudspeaker design, amplifier design, McIntosh amplifiers, discrete semiconductor devices.....and movies including silents, foreign and indies.
  • My System
    12" Utah Tri-axial drivers mounted in LRE bass "reflex" enclosures.

    Sony Superscope FM only

    Lafayette Solid State Stereophonic Integrated Amp

    16 GA Lamp Wire

    Koss Pro 4AA

    Technics SL-QD33

    CD Player:
    NAD 325i (modified)

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  1. use it as a center channel amp
  2. Maron's wife, through an friend of hers, contacted me after his death. She had a long Excel list of hardware he owned. It's not clear to me how she came across my contact info. He either instructed her to contact me or found my contact information in his personal papers. Either way, she asked me to evaluate the list and estimate sale prices so she could sell it without getting short changed. She didn't want to deal with buyers directly and I didn't want to take the task on of being a middle man. I thought about buying the whole lot but I'm past the point of collecting vintage hardware. There were many JBL vintage pieces.
  3. I've been asked about tube amp hum/buzz and how to get rid of it. It's noticeable buzz when the amp gets to heat and doesn't change when the volume pots are adjusted, it's just there. This is what it looks like on an oscilloscope, at 20mV/division. The amp is idling and the load is an 8 Ohm power resistor. The scope probe is across the resistor over a 100ms time window. Below is with the time window reduced to 10ms. It's not a sinewave, it's a 60Hz sawtooth. And with a peak to peak amplitude of 40mW, ignoring high frequency glitches, it's audible especially when you're speakers have high sensitivity tweeters. The 6.3VAC heater secondary tap is prone to picking up wave characteristic (periodic) noise from rectification, line voltage and other sources. The noise is coupled to the tube cathodes. Heater supplies configured below (a Fisher design) are problematic. There's a few ways to improve the situation (see artificial center-tap, Humdinger potentiometer). There's other approaches but these are common. Here I use the artificial center tap concept but replace the "typical" 100 Ohm, 2W resistors with .022uF, 400VAC Orange Drops thus filtering the rails of periodic harmonic garbage and the result (before and after) is below. RMS value of noise is reduced three-fold and, most important, the amp is silent even when the ear is against the grille cloth. Note that the peak to peak readings report glitches which are momentary impulses that are of no significance. So why did the engineers at Fisher, Scott, Pilot and a few others not add a couple of resistors or capacitors to their designs? I would propose that the hum, though noticeable with no program material is of such low magnitude that it made little difference to the sound quality.
  4. The 25W rating is the power dissipation the windings are designed for.
  5. Nothing exciting. I've had inquires to purchase either as a completed unit or a kit. I purchased parts for three units and the third is built but waiting on the 7591s and, as of today, JJ is still down due to material shortages. I ordered the tubes early June. Regardless, I've ordered more hardware to a make a few more amps. The chassis plates will have mounting hole patterns to accept either the Lundahl, Hammond, Transcendar or OEM output transformers. The Lundahl OTs are heavy and the housing, which is nice btw, has four threaded holes for M4 screws at the bottom for mounting to a chassis. M4s are too small. If I was to ship amps with M4 screws holding the transformers down they'd likely break the screws. That said, the next sets of performance tests I'll show will be with the Lundahl output transformers. Here's the wiring on the underside of the chassis (unit #3).
  6. EV published the DIY plans for the Georgian and sold drivers for the enclosure. The woofer should be a 15W K, the K is stamped into the rear badge for Klipsch. The DC resistance is 3.1-3.3Ohms. The issue with these old drivers is the voice coils are fragile and can't take much heat. They're tube era drivers. The Georgian was EV's version of the Klipschorn which they licensed from Klipsch to produce.
  7. And you can install a 1A fast or slow blow fuse in the Variac to limit current draw regardless of what the Amp meter shows. Regarding the amp meter, I use a Fluke that measures in mA AC. Most tube amps idle at about 1000-2000mA. I have a dedicated VAC meter on the setup as well.
  8. I purchased a Citation II. The important bits and pieces are there and it sounds good but it needs a good going thru. The chassis is in good shape and the transformers are fine. Every other piece, including the boards will be replaced. I'll restore the entire thing to museum quality and when I die leave it to one of my kids.
  9. I have no hobbies, I'm just an engineer.
  10. Ignoring the cost, which is considerable for high end audio components, driver entitlement becomes a near reality when the enclosure is rigid. Although the images are from the Magico website, Aluminum enclosures machined from plate stock are nothing new. I heard a pair of JBL L100 clones fabricated from 7/8" Al-plate, milled and assembled using cap screws and Loctite adhesive. It was heavy but easily managed once placed on a dolly. Internal bracing resulted in the overall enclosure being somewhat larger than the OEM version. The difference in the low end performance is hilarious.
  11. Entitlement in the audio reproduction "chain" isn't in the electronics or even the loudspeaker drivers, it's in the enclosure materials. And the folks fabricating enclosures out of Aluminum alloy are on to something. It's a "ffs" moment listening to them.
  12. 99.999999% of audio amplifiers are voltage sources. If transconductance amplifiers were a better mouse trap, the world would have marched to them immediately. Why do you think it did not?
  13. Short of cracking open a 7591 and just looking at G2, the datasheets from all the old suppliers state that Pin 8 and Pin 4, which both make internal connections to G2, are to be externally connected via jumper for "efficient" operation of the screen. The cold resistance between P8 and P4 is 0.2-0.3 Ohm, i.e. a short. So that's got me curious, why the external jumper? I can speculate it's due to the way the grid is made, two sections connected by grid wire that, when operating, develops a hot resistance large enough to sustain a potential difference between p8 and p4, a difference enough to alter the screen grid performance. Anyone actually know?
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